Searcher Bibliography: Core Literature of Classic Online Searching

Searcher Bibliography: Core Literature of Classic Online Searching

From back in the days of DIALOG, Knowledge Index, Dow Jones News/Retrieval //TEXT, DataStar, DataTimes, NewsNet, STN, CD Plus, BRS, National Library of Medicine, PaperChase, Mead Data Central, and and Synoptic Text’s own Syntex direct-dial database service.

While those systems either are defunct or have been transformed into web-based services, the essence of the database searcher’s mind still could gain much from the core literature of classic online searching from the original greats like Reva Basch, Barbara Quint, Charles Meadows, Ulla de Stricker, Susan Feldman, Susanne Bjorner, Marydee Ojala, and Carol Tenopir.


Basch, Reva. Researching Online for Dummies. Foster City, CA: IDG Books, 1998.

Basch, Reva. Secrets of the Super Net Searchers. Wilton, CT: CyberAge Books, 1996.

Basch, Reva. Secrets of the Super Searchers. Wilton, CT: Eight Bit Books, 1993.

Fenichel, C. H., And Hogan, T. H. Online Searching: A Primer (3rd ed.). Learned Information, Marlton, NJ, 1990.

Stephen P. Harter. Online Information Retrieval: Concepts, Principles, and Techniques. Academic Press, San Diego, 1986.

Meadow, Charles T., Bert R. Boyce and Donald. H. Kraft. Text Information Retrieval Systems. 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 2000. (Meadows, Charles T. Text Information Retrieval Systems. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, Inc., 1992.)

Scanlan, Jean M., Ulla de Stricker and Anne Conway Fernald. Business Online. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 1989.

Walker, Geraldene and Joseph Janes, and edited by Carol Tenopir. Online Retrieval: A Dialogue of Theory and Practice. 2nd ed. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 1999.


Auster, Ethel and Stephen B. Lawton, “Search Interview Techniques and Information Gain as Antecedents of User Satisfaction with Online Bibliographic Retrieval,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science 35 (March 1984): 90-103.

Bellardo, Trudi. “What Do We Really Know about Online Searchers?” Online Review 9 (3), 1985: 223-39.

Basch, Reva. “DIALOG’s RANK Command: Building and mining the data mountain.” Online (1993): 28-35.

Basch, Reva. “Measuring the Quality of Data: Report on the Fourth Annual SCOUG Retreat.” Database Searcher. 6 (8) (October 1990): 18-23.

Basch, Reva. “The seven deadly sins of full-text searching.” Database 12 (1989): 15-23.

Basch, Reva. “The Seven Deadly Sins of Online Services.” Online 16 #4 (1992) : 22–25.

Bates, Marcia J. “How to use controlled vocabularies more effectively in online searching.” Online 12 (1988): 45-56.

Bates, Marcia J. “How to Use Information Search Tactics Online.” Online 11 (May 1987): 47-54.

Bates, Marcia J. “Idea Tactics.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science 30 (September 1979) : 280-289.

Bates, Marcia J. “The fallacy of the perfect thirty-item online search.” RQ (1984): 43-50.

Bates, Marcia J. “Information Search Tactics.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science 30 (July 1979): 205-214.

Bates, Mary Ellen. “Finding the Question Behind the Question.” Information Outlook 2 #7 (July 1998) : 19–21.

Bates, Mary Ellen. “The Seven Deadly Sins of Online Searching,” Online Searcher (November/December 1996): 21.

Bellardo, Trudi. “An investigation of online searcher traits and their relationship to search outcome.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science 36 (1985): 241-50.

Conger, Lucinda.D. (Oct. 1989) “Back to Basics: Basic Indexes, the Space, the Hyphen, and All That,” Database 12(5):119-123.

Conger, Lucinda D., “The old searcher and the Internet”, Searcher: The Magazine for Database Professionals, November/December 1999, pp.44-50.

Feldman, Susan. “Searching Natural Language Systems: Searchers Know Thy Engine,” Searcher 2 (October 1994): 34-39.

Feldman, Susan. “Testing Natural Language: Comparing DIALOG, Target, and DR-LINK,” Online 20 (November/December 1996): 71-79.

Fidel, Raya. “Searchers’ Selection of Search Keys: I) The Selection Routine. II) Controlled Vocabulary or Free-Text Searching. III) Searching Styles. JASIS 42 (August 1991) : 490–527.

Harris, Pita Enriquez and Andreas Dieberger. “Rethinking research strategies in the globas information village: Suddenly everyone’s an ‘information professional'”, in Online Information 98, 22nd International Online Information Meeting, London, 8-10 December 1998, Proceedings, Learned Information, Oxford, 1998, pp.47-53.

Harter, Stephen P. “Detrimental effects of searching with precoordinated terms,” Online Review 12 (1988): 205-10.

Harter, Stephen P. “Search term combinations and retrieval overlap: A proposed methodology and case study,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science 41 (1990): 132-146.

Hawkins, Donald T. “Online bibliographic search strategy development,” Online. May 1982; 6(3): 12-19.

Hock, Ran. “How to Do Field Searching in Web Search Engines: A Field Trip.” Online 22 (3), 1998: 18-23. []

Hsieh-Yee, Ingrid, “Effects of search experience and subject knowledge on the search tactics of novice and experienced searchers”, Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 44: April 1993, pp.161-174.

Jack, Robert F. “‘Meatball searching’: The adversarial approach to online information retrieval.” Database 8 (1985): 45-52.

McJunkin, Monica Cahill. “Precision and recall in title keyword searches,” Information Technology and Libraries 14 (3), 1995: 161-71.

Miller, Connie, and Patricia Tegler. “Online searching and the research process.” College & Research Libraries 47 (1986): 370-73.

Morton, Douglas. Refresher course: Boolean and (searching or retrieval). Online. January 1993; 17 (1): 57-59.

Morton, Douglas. “Refresher course: Getting next to proximity operators,” Online. Nov. 1993; 17 (6): 56-58.

Nahl, Diane and Carol Tenopir, “Affective and cognitive searching behavior of novice end-users of a full-text database,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 47(1): April 1996, pp.276-286.

Notess, Greg R. “Internet search techniques and strategies.” Online: Wilton; Jul/Aug 1997.

Ruth A. Pagell. “Searching full-text periodicals: How full is full?” DATABASE 10, 5, Oct. 1987, 33-36.

Park, Taemin Kim. “The nature of relevance in information retrieval: An empirical study,” Library Quarterly 63 (1993): 318-51.

Pemberton, J. (1983) “The Inverted File: Faults and Failures–25 Ways That Online Searching Can Let You Down,” Online 7(5):6-7.

Piternick, Anne B. “Functions and Capabilities of Online Searching Systems: A Checklist,” Online Review 13 (6, 1989): 457-476.

Plutchak, T. Scott. “On the satisfied and inept end user,” Medical Reference Services Quarterly 8 (Spring 1989): 45-8.

Pritchard-Schoch, Teresa. “Natural language comes of age,” Online 17(3), (May, 1993): 33-43.

Ojala, Marydee, “Beginning all over again: Where to start a search,” Online, 22: May-June 1998, pp.44-46.

Ojala, Marydee, “Troubleshooting Your Search: Whatever Can Go Wrong, Will Go Wrong,” Online (November-December 1995): 59-61.

Ojala, Marydee, “The Rhythm of Searching,” Online (July-August, 1996): 52-54.

Quint, Barbara. “Inside a Searcher’s Mind: The Seven Stages of an Online Search,” Part 1. Online 15 #3 (1991) : 13-18.

Quint, Barbara. “Inside a searcher’s mind: The seven stages of an online search,” Part 2. Online 15 #4 (1991) : 28-35.

Reinke, Janet L. “Addressing the Problems of Performing Online Legal Research as a Fee-Based Service,” Legal Reference Services Quarterly 14 #1/2 (1994) : 141–162.

Shaw, D. (1986) “Nine Sources of Problems for Novice Online Searchers,” Online Review 10(5):295-303.

Sievert, M.C., “Full Text Retrieval,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 47(4) (A special issue devoted entirely to the subject of full-text searching.).

Somerville, Arleen N. “The Pre-Search Reference Interview–A Step by Step Guide,” Database 5 (1), 1982: 32-38.

Spink, Amada, Abbey Goodrum, and D. Robins. “Search Intermediary Elicitations During Mediated Online Searching,” Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 1995. Pg. 97-102.

Taylor, Robert S. “Question Negotiation and Information Seeking in Libraries,” College and Research Libraries 29 (May 1968).

Tenopir, Carol. “Evaluating Online Systems,” Library Journal 113 (10), 1988: 86-87.

Tenopir Carol. “Generations of Online Searching,” Library Journal 121 #14 (September 1996) : 128, 130.

Tenopir, Carol. (Nov. 1, 1999) “Human or Automated, Indexing Is Important,” Library Journal 124(18):34-38.

Carol Tenopir. “An In-House Training Program for Online Searchers,” Online 6 (May 1982): 20-26.

Tenopir, Carol. “Is It Any of Our Business?” Library Journal 117 (April 1, 1992): 96, 98.

Tenopir, Carol and Pamela Cahn. “TARGET and Freestyle: DIALOG and Mead Join the Relevance Ranks,” Online 18 (May 1994): 31-47. Reprinted in: Karen Sparck Jones and Peter Willett, ed. Readings in Information Retrieval, SF: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1997.

Tenopir, Carol. “Ten Loose Guidelines for Online Searchers,” Online 17 #2 (1993): 27–30, 32, 33.

Tenopir, Carol. “To err is human; seven common searching mistakes,” Library Journal 109 (6), 1984: 635-636.

Tenopir, Carol. “What Makes a Good Online Searcher?” Library Journal 112 (5), 1987: 62-63.

Tenopir, Carol, and Katherine A. Hover. “When is the Same Database Not the Same? Database Differences Among Systems,” Online 17 (July 1993) : 20–27.

Wagner, E. (1986) “False Drops: How They Arise…How to Avoid them,” Online 10(5):93-96.


Basch, Reva, “Super Searchers at the Millennium.” Keynote Address, Information Online and Ondisc 95, the Seventh Australasian Conference and Exhibition, held at the Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Darling Harbour, Sydney, Australia from 31 January to 2 February 1995. []

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